Workers’ compensation insurance is a critical component of any risk management plan. In the case of a work-related accident or sickness, it provides essential security for both workers and their employers.

The workers’ compensation insurance industry is a significant sector of the insurance market, with a market size of $55.0bn in 2024, according to IBISWorld. It is expected to witness a 0.9% increase in market size by the end of 2024, which reflects the steady growth of the workers’ compensation insurance industry.

It is your obligation as an employer to protect your workers’ safety and well-being while they are on the job. Workers’ compensation insurance helps to fulfill that responsibility, providing financial support to employees who are injured or become ill on the job while limiting legal and financial liabilities for employers.

In this post, we will look at the basics of workers’ compensation insurance, such as what it is, how it operates, and the advantages it provides to both employees and employers.


Benefits of Workers’ Compensation Insurance

Carrying workers’ compensation insurance offers several benefits for employers, including:

  1. Protection from lawsuits: Workers’ compensation insurance protects employers from lawsuits and legal liability if an employee is injured on the job. This can save businesses significant amounts of money in legal fees and damages.
  2. Financial support for injured employees: Workers’ compensation insurance offers financial support for workers who can’t work due to a work-related accident or sickness. Workers are less inclined to feel neglected by their company, which can assist in improving morale and decreasing employee turnover.
  3. Improved workplace safety: Workers’ compensation insurance incentivizes employers to take proactive measures to prevent workplace injuries and illnesses. Employers can lower the risk of workplace accidents and illnesses by establishing safety standards and training programs.
  4. Compliance with legal requirements: In the majority of states, having workers’ compensation insurance is mandatory. Having workers’ compensation insurance guarantees that firms are in conformity with state requirements and can avoid legal penalties and fines.

According to the Texas Department of Insurance (TDI) website, Texas is the only state in the country where employers in Texas have the option to either provide workers’ compensation insurance or opt out of the system altogether.

If an employer chooses to opt-out, they are required to provide their employees with written notice of their rights and responsibilities under Texas law.


Types of Workers’ Compensation Insurance

There are two main types of workers’ compensation insurance policies: self-insured and fully insured. Self-insured policies are typically used by large companies that have the financial resources to pay for workers’ compensation claims out of pocket. Fully insured policies, on the other hand, are purchased from an insurance company and provide coverage for a set premium.

A third type of insurance that is used in combination with self-insured policies is also discussed below.

  1. Fully Insured Policies: The most frequent sort of workers’ compensation insurance coverage is fully insured. An employer pays a premium to an insurance carrier, which accepts the financial risk of providing workers’ benefits to injured employees under a fully covered policy.The cost of the premium is determined by a number of factors, including the size of the business, the industry it operates in, and the claims history of the business.
  2. Self-Insured Policies: Self-insured policies are typically used by large companies that have the financial resources to pay for workers’ compensation claims out of pocket. Instead of purchasing a fully insured policy from an insurance company, these companies set aside funds to pay for workers’ compensation claims themselves. Self-insured policies can offer more flexibility and control over the claims process, but they also carry more financial risk for the employer.In most situations, companies must satisfy certain criteria, submit an application, and have their request accepted by the relevant state regulatory body in order to be granted self-insured status, according to a blog article on Zenefits from December 2022.
  3. Excess Insurance: Excess insurance, also known as stop-loss insurance, is a type of insurance policy that is often used in conjunction with self-insured plans. It provides additional protection to the employer or organization in the event that healthcare costs exceed a certain threshold. This means that if an employee’s healthcare costs exceed a certain amount, the excess insurance policy would kick in and cover any additional costs above that threshold. By combining a self-insured plan with excess insurance, employers can often save money on healthcare costs while still providing comprehensive coverage to their employees.


In conclusion, each employer’s risk management plan must include workers’ compensation insurance. It provides critical protection for both employees and employers in the event of a work-related injury or illness and offers several benefits, such as protection from lawsuits, financial support for injured employees, improved workplace safety, and compliance with legal requirements.

Employers can choose between fully insured and self-insured policies and may also opt for excess insurance or stop-loss insurance to provide additional protection. By investing in workers’ compensation insurance, employers can demonstrate their commitment to their employee’s safety and well-being while also safeguarding their business from financial and legal liabilities.